Perhaps the most common among all the hair loss conditions is the one called androgenic alopecia. For men, it is referred to as male pattern baldness affecting up to seventy percent of all men, often starting from their early thirties. It may manifest its symptoms earlier in some cases and is evidenced by a receding hairline in the frontal central area just above the scalp. The central vertex area also starts to lose hair, radiating in an outward pattern. Hair loss is also experienced through the recession of the frontal temporal areas going inward toward the back of the scalp resulting in an M-shaped pattern. These receding areas will ultimately meet at the top of the scalp, leaving it completely devoid of hair. What will be left is hair located on the lower portions of the side and back of the scalp forming a horseshoe type pattern.
Female pattern baldness on the other hand, is the version of androgenic alopecia for women. Signs of balding can be seen affecting up to forty percent of women about the age of forty. This is evidenced by the thinning of hair in the vertex area of the scalp. The shedding of the hair will continue from this area though it will not result in total hair loss. There is also no recession of the hairline either in the frontal central or temporal regions.
These types of pattern baldness are brought about by a genetic condition. It occurs when testosterone binds with the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase to form dihydrotestoterone (DHT), a more potent hormone. Testosterone is also present in women’s bodies though in lesser amounts than a normal male. It is when a woman’s estrogen levels drop resulting in a hormonal imbalance that increases the presence of testosterone in her body. Both men and women have androgen receptors in their hair follicles that can potentially attract these DHT hormones to fuse with it. It is when the rate of attraction is high that indicates the severity of hair loss experienced by an individual. The DHT will act as a barrier to the nutrients being received by the hair follicle from the bloodstream. This will cause it to shrink because of the lack of nutrition. Hair loss will then result from the shedding of its hair strands.
Baldness is a condition that is brought about by different factors. There are those that are stress-related leading to a multitude of sub-branches for hair loss. It is something that could be avoided in some cases, although with some amount of difficulty. This would depend from case to case however and the symptoms disappear once the cause of it ceases. Alopecia areata and its related manifestations of alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis are brought about by autoimmune causes. These types of hair loss occur because of white blood cells attacking the hair follicles causing them to shrink and lose its hair strands. Other forms can be classified as the self-inflicted kind such as traction alopecia, which results in gradual hair loss from abnormal pulling or tugging of the hair. There is also hair loss resulting from chemotherapy where going for treatment attacks both the cancer cells and other cells of the body, including the hair follicles.
Finasteride is a Food and Drug Administration approved drug that can effectively prevent the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme from binding with testosterone. This could minimize the amount of DHT present in the body. It is not recommended for pregnant women to take this medication however because it could interfere with the normal development of the fetus, especially if male. Side effects among men have been found to be increased cases of impotence and decreased libido.
Scalp micropigmentation is a technique provided by Scalp Aesthetics, that offers a better alternative for men and some women who are losing their hair. The results are immediate, guaranteed and permanent, and require no drugs or other medical intervention. For more information please see this page.